What was the Milgram shock experiment?

What was the Milgram shock experiment?

In the 1960s, psychologist Stanley Milgram conducted a series of studies on the concepts of obedience and authority. His experiments involved instructing study participants to deliver increasingly high-voltage shocks to an actor in another room, who would scream and eventually go silent as the shocks became stronger.

What is the Hofling nurse study?

Conclusion. Hofling demonstrated that people are very unwilling to question supposed ‘authority’, even when they might have good reason to. Hofling’s study showed how the social pressure brought about by the imbalance of power could lead to a nurse actually putting a patient at risk, rather than disobeying orders.

What was the conclusion of the Milgram obedience Study?

Stanley Milgram reached the conclusion that people would obey instructions from those who they saw as legitimate authority figures, even if the instructions they received were to do something to harm another person. From this, Milgram concluded that people were socialized to follow immoral or unlawful orders.

What is obedience psychology?

Psychologists have typically defined obedience as a form of social influence elicited in response to direct orders from an authority figure. It is argued that such participants can still be understood as obedient if we consider the implicit demands of the system in which participants find themselves.

Who defined obedience?

The Definition Of Obedience It is based on controversial research that Stanley Milgram conducted in the 1960s. One social psychology textbook gives an obedience definition that is a version of the most widely accepted one today. It goes like this: “Obedience is behavior change produced by the commands of authority.”

What do the Milgram and Hofling nurse studies tell us about obedience?

The Milgram experiment, Hofling Nurse study, and replications don’t always tell the same tale about obedience. The replication, for example, shows us that “knowledge is power.” When the nurses had more knowledge, they were able to defy the authority more confidently.

The Hofling Nurse study (also known as the Hofling Hospital study) is one of the many experiments meant to replicate the Milgram experiment, but without the potentially traumatic results for the participants. Psychiatrist Charles K. Hofling created the study in 1966.

What questions about obedience are still relevant?

Questions about obedience still remain. How obedient are people willing to be so they don’t have to ruffle any feathers? At what point will people stand up to authority? These are the questions that many studies, including the Hofling Nurse Study, have tried to answer.

How to study obedience in a real life setting?

To study obedience in a real life setting Procedure: Involved both public and private hospital wards. In Hospital 1: 21 student nurses and 12 graduate nurses were asked to complete a questionnaire asking them what they would do if confronted by the experimental situation. This was a control group to make comparisons.