Is NFS a security risk?
NFS like any other unprotected network protocol is vulnerable to two types of attacks: eavesdropping and impostor attack. An eavesdropper can pick up unauthorized data as it goes by on the network. An impostor can gain an unauthorized access to the network.
Is NFS protocol secure?
NFS itself is not generally considered secure – using the kerberos option as @matt suggests is one option, but your best bet if you have to use NFS is to use a secure VPN and run NFS over that – this way you at least protect the insecure filesystem from the Internet – ofcourse if someone breaches your VPN you’re …
Is NFS traffic encrypted?
You can mount a file system so that all NFS traffic is encrypted in transit using Transport Layer Security 1.2 (TLS) with an industry-standard AES-256 cipher. TLS is a set of industry-standard cryptographic protocols used for encrypting information that is exchanged over the network.
What ports does NFS use?
NFS uses port 2049. NFSv3 and NFSv2 use the portmapper service on TCP or UDP port 111. The portmapper service is consulted to get the port numbers for services used with NFSv3 or NFSv2 protocols such as mountd, statd, and nlm.
Is NFS faster than Sshfs?
NFS still the fastest in plaintext, but has a problem again when combining writes with encryption. SSHFS is getting more competitive, even the fastest from the encrypted options, overall in the mid. The latency mostly resembles the inverse IOPS/bandwith.
How do I protect NFS share?
General guidelines for securing Network File System
- Configure the NFS server to export file systems with the least amount of privileges necessary.
- Configure the NFS server to export file systems explicitly for the users who should have access to it.
- Exported file systems should be in their own partitions.
Does NFS have authentication?
NFS V4 normally authenticates clients at the user level rather than at the host level. The two user authentication methods are auth_sys (UNIX authentication) and RPCSEC_GSS (Kerberos). Under the auth_sys security method, the user is authenticated at the client, usually through a logon name and password.
What is port 111 used for?
Port 111 is generally called an unsecured or a security vulnerability as it provides direct and easy access to the RPC services. Port 111 is used in Unix, Linux, and related operating systems to list ports and related RPC services where an attacker can bet detailed information to abuse these services and ports.
Does NFS use TCP or UDP?
The default transport protocol for NFS is TCP; however, the Fedora kernel includes support for NFS over UDP. To use NFS over UDP, include the mount option -o udp when mounting the NFS-exported file system on the client system.
Is NFS faster than Samba?
NFS is suitable for Linux users whereas SMB is suitable for Windows users. NFS generally is faster when we are reading/writing a number of small files, it is also faster for browsing. 4. NFS uses the host-based authentication system.
Should I use NFS or SMB?
As you can see NFS offers a better performance and is unbeatable if the files are medium sized or small. If the files are large enough the timings of both methods get closer to each other. Linux and Mac OS owners should use NFS instead of SMB. Sadly most Windows users are forced to use SMB.
Is NFSv3 encrypted?
That’s why NFSv3 is considered to be as secure as the weakest NFS client in the environment. NFSv3 also does not provide any transit encryption. GIAC Gold Jakub Dlugolecki 12 if an NFSv4 client host is compromised, an attacker has to provide active Kerberos ticket in order to get NFS data.
What is port redirection attack?
Port Redirection Explained What is Port Redirection Attack? A port redirection attack is another type of attack based on trust exploitation. The attacker uses a compromised host to gain access through a firewall that would otherwise be blocked.
What are the main problems with NFS?
The main problems with NFS are that it relies on the inherently insecure UDP protocol, transactions are not encrypted and hosts and users cannot be easily authenticated. Below we will show a number of issues that one can follow to heal those security problems.
What ports are used by NFS servers?
Supposing that an NFS server only provides the NFS service but nothing else so there are three ports available to use on the server, i. e., RPC Portmapper (on port 111), NFS (on port 2049), and Mountd (on port 2219). Here we can do some filtering on traffic that goes to the NFS server.
How to mount a NFS Share on a host machine?
The walkthrough 1 Start with nmap service fingerprint scan on the IP address of the hosted machine: 2 The port scan result shows the port 2049 is open and nfs service is running on it 3 Check if any share is available for mount, using showmount tool in Kali: The “home” directory is mountable.