When did the Oxford comma become optional?
The Oxford comma has been attributed to Horace Hart, printer and controller of the Oxford University Press from 1893 to 1915, who wrote Hart’s Rules for Compositors and Readers in 1905 as a style guide for the employees working at the press. However, at that time, the comma was not called the Oxford comma.
What is the opposite of Oxford comma?
Opinions among writers and editors differ on whether to use the serial comma, and usage also differs somewhat between regional varieties of English. British English allows constructions with or without this comma, while in American English it is common and sometimes even considered mandatory to use the comma.
What is the difference between an Oxford comma and a regular comma?
When you’re writing a list, you naturally include commas to separate each item, but an Oxford comma is when you also put a comma before the “and [Final Item]”. For example: Without Oxford comma: “Her favourite foods were chocolate, marshmallows, cake and chicken.”
Do you abbreviate United States in AP style?
In headlines under AP style, however, it’s “postal style” US (no periods). And the abbreviated form of United States of America is USA (no periods).
What is the AP writing style?
The Associated Press style is the go-to style for journalism and news writing. It covers magazine writing, too. The AP style (as it’s known in the trade) is quite different from The New York Times style or Chicago Manual of Style.
Can you abbreviate United States in APA?
In APA style, “United States” should always be spelled out when it is used as a noun or location. United States can be abbreviated as “U.S.” when it is used as an adjective.
Why you shouldn’t use the Oxford comma?
The AP Stylebook considers the Oxford Comma unimportant, and many journalists agree that they shouldn’t be required to use it. Why don’t they use it? Many opponents of the Oxford comma claim that it makes a piece of writing sound more pretentious and stuffy, and that it can make things seem cluttered and redundant.
How do you write numbers in AP style?
Generally speaking, we follow the guidelines outlined in the AP Stylebook. In body copy, we prefer to spell out numbers one through nine, and use numerals for numbers 10 and greater. This is true of ordinal numbers, as well. Spell out first to ninth, and capture 10th or greater with numerals.
What is Springer format?
Springer has developed LaTeX style files and Word templates to help you prepare your paper. LaTeX is the preferred format for texts containing several formulae, but Word templates are also available below.
What does ellipsis mean?
An ellipsis is a set of three periods ( . . . ) indicating an omission. Each period should have a single space on either side, except when adjacent to a quotation mark, in which case there should be no space.
How do you write a reference for a springer spaniel?
The list of references should be alphabetically by the last name of the first author, and numbered serially. Citations in the text should be identified by appropriate numbers in square brackets, and consecutive references should be concatenated (e.g. [7, 12-15]). The names of all authors should be listed.
Is the Oxford comma optional?
The Oxford comma has been around for centuries, but is entirely optional: the rules of punctuation do not demand its use.