What is a big enough sample size?
A general rule of thumb for the Large Enough Sample Condition is that n≥30, where n is your sample size. You have a moderately skewed distribution, that’s unimodal without outliers; If your sample size is between 16 and 40, it’s “large enough.” Your sample size is >40, as long as you do not have outliers
Can there be validity without reliability?
“Without reliability, there is no validity.” Many of us who develop and use educational assessments were taught to take this maxim for granted as a fundamental principle of sound measurement. Theoretically, reliability is defined as “the degree to which test scores are free from errors of measurement….
How do you explain reliability?
Reliability refers to how consistently a method measures something. If the same result can be consistently achieved by using the same methods under the same circumstances, the measurement is considered reliable. You measure the temperature of a liquid sample several times under identical conditions.
What is a reliable experiment?
When a scientist repeats an experiment with a different group of people or a different batch of the same chemicals and gets very similar results then those results are said to be reliable. Reliability is measured by a percentage – if you get exactly the same results every time then they are 100% reliable.
How can we prevent threats to internal validity?
Avoid assigning subjects to groups based on their extreme scores. Recruit large groups of participants or more than needed for statistical analyses. Include incentives and compensation as appropriate. Utilize random selection (sampling) and random assignment of subjects.
What is the meaning of reliable?
Reliable, infallible, trustworthy apply to persons, objects, ideas, or information that can be depended upon with confident certainty. Reliable suggests consistent dependability of judgment, character, performance, or result: a reliable formula, judge, car, meteorologist.
What affects the reliability of an experiment?
reliability is affected by random errors….Considering, for example, an experiment in which you must measure a short time period (around 1-2 s).
- If you time it by hand, your reaction time will introduce an error in the measurement.
- You can make the measurement more reliable by using light gates and a computer.
What is the best definition of reliability?
Reliability is defined as the probability that a product, system, or service will perform its intended function adequately for a specified period of time, or will operate in a defined environment without failure.
Why validity implies reliability but not the reverse?
The reliability refers to the phenomenon that the measurement instrument provides consistent results. A valid measurement is always a reliable measurement too, but the reverse does not hold: if an instrument provides consistent result, it is reliable, but does not have to be valid