How do you cite multiple authors in APA?
- 2 Authors: Always cite both authors’ names in-text everytime you reference them. Example: Johnson and Smith (2009) found…
- 6 or More Authors: If a document has six or more authors, simply provide the last name of the first author with “et al.” from the first citation to the last. Example: Thomas et al.
What are the four steps for evaluating websites?
Keep these things in mind when deciding if a web page is reliable and appropriate for your research:
- intended audience/purpose.
How do you cite more than 7 authors in APA?
The first six authors are listed; all subsequent authors except the last are omitted and replaced with an ellipsis; and then the name of the last author is listed.
What are the five criteria?
The definition contains five evaluation criteria that should be used in assessing development interventions: relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, impact and sustainability.
What is used to mean many authors?
What are examples of sources?
Examples of Primary Sources
- archives and manuscript material.
- photographs, audio recordings, video recordings, films.
- journals, letters and diaries.
- published books, newspapers and magazine clippings published at the time.
- government publications.
- oral histories.
How do you cite if there are too many authors?
In-text citation: If there are four or more authors cite the first name listed in the source followed by et al. All authors’/editors’ names would be listed in your reference, no matter how many there are, as shown below. Research suggests (Darlow et al., 2013).
Why do you need to evaluate your sources?
Evaluating information encourages you to think critically about the reliability, validity, accuracy, authority, timeliness, point of view or bias of information sources. Just because a book, article, or website matches your search criteria does not mean that it is necessarily a reliable source of information.
What are the steps in evaluating information?
Evaluate Your Sources – LibGuides at COM Library….How to Evaluate Sources
- Credentials. What does the author know about the subject?
- Objectivity. Does the author have an agenda?
- Review and Editing.
What type of information sources is most useful?
Articles Newspaper, magazine, or journal articles can provide up-to-date information on very specific topics. Articles can be published online or in print. If printed, the frequency of publication means it can still a good source of current information (eg, daily newspapers).
Can you use et al in reference list?
The term “al.” is an abbreviation of “alii” and, the entire phrase “et al.” always follows at least one person’s name, job position, or title. With that said, “et al.” replaces author names in endnotes, footnotes, and in-text citations; however, it is NOT used in reference lists!
What are the 3 sources of information?
In general, there are three types of resources or sources of information: primary, secondary, and tertiary. It is important to understand these types and to know what type is appropriate for your coursework prior to searching for information.
How do you reference more than three authors?
NOTE: The in-text citation for works with three or more authors is shortened to the first author’s name followed by et al. and the year.
What are some ways to evaluate a claim for credibility?
Examine each information source you locate and assess sources using the following criteria:
- Timeliness. Your resources need to be recent enough for your topic.
- Authority. Does the information come from an author or organization that has authority to speak on your topic?
What is the criteria for evaluating a website’s content?
There are six (6) criteria that should be applied when evaluating any Web site: authority, accuracy, objectivity, currency, coverage, and appearance. For each criterion, there are several questions to be asked. The more questions you can answer “yes”, the more likely the Web site is one of quality.
What is the format if the author is only one?
Answer. If you are citing a book or reference with a single author, the format may depend on what kind of citation you will make. In paraphrase in-text citation, the format would be: Author Surname, Year. In quotation citations, Author Surname, Year, Page Number would be the format.
What are the 5 criteria for evaluating websites?
Criteria for Evaluating Web Resources
- Authority: Who created the site? What is their authority?
- Objectivity: Is the purpose and intention of the site clear, including any bias or particular viewpoint?
- Accuracy: Is the information presented accurate?
- Currency: Is the information current?
- Usability: Is the site well-designed and stable?
How do you evaluate a website?
How to Evaluate Websites: How to evaluate websites
- CURRENCY: the timeliness of the information.
- RELEVANCE: the importance of the information for your needs.
- AUTHORITY: the source of the information.
- ACCURACY: the reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content.
- PURPOSE: the reason the information exists.
What are two types of sources?
Types of Sources
- Scholarly publications (Journals)
- Popular sources (News and Magazines)
- Professional/Trade sources.
- Books / Book Chapters.
- Conference proceedings.
- Government Documents.
- Theses & Dissertations.
What are the four main criteria to use when evaluating resources?
The four main criteria to use when evaluating resources are: Authority, Objectivity, Currency, and Coverage.
What are the 10 different sources of information?
In this section you will learn about the following types of information sources:
- Library Catalog.
How do you cite 4 authors in APA in-text?
Specifically, articles with one or two authors include all names in every in-text citation; articles with three, four, or five authors include all names in the first in-text citation but are abbreviated to the first author name plus et al.
Do you list all authors in APA in-text citation?
Three to five authors: List all the authors the first time you cite the work: (Ackermann, Benjes-Small, Brainard, Smith, & Vassady, 2009). After the first time, use only the first author’s name followed by et al.: (Ackermann et al., 2009). Six authors or more: Never use them all in the in-text citation.
What do you call the list of different sources?
Answer:The Works Cited page is the list of sources used in the research paper.
What should be done if the article has no date indicated?
If a source is missing both the author or publication date, the citation will include the title, “n.d.” for “no date,” and the source. Make sure that there is no identifiable author. Sometimes the author is a company or other group rather than an individual.
If you are citing a source that has multiple authors, follow these basic steps.
- 2 Authors: Always cite both authors’ names in-text everytime you reference them.
- 6 or More Authors: If a document has six or more authors, simply provide the last name of the first author with “et al.” from the first citation to the last.
How often do you cite the same source in a paragraph APA?
Instead, when paraphrasing a key point in more than one sentence within a paragraph, cite the source in the first sentence in which it is relevant and do not repeat the citation in subsequent sentences as long as the source remains clear and unchanged.
How do you cite 3 authors in APA?
Citing Works With Three or More Authors Include only the last name of the first author, followed by “et al.” and the year published in all narrative and parenthetical citations APA. Note: The reference entry should list the names of up to 20 authors.
Should you cite the same source multiple times?
Although it may not be necessary to repeat the full in-text citation for the paraphrase in each sentence, it is still necessary to begin subsequent paragraphs with a full in-text citation (APA, 2020, p. 270).
How do you list authors in APA?
Works by three to 20 authors should list the last names and first initials of each author separated by an ampersand. Author names should be followed by the date of publication enclosed in parentheses. If the work is a journal article, include the title of the article immediately following the publication date.
Can you use Ibid in APA in text citations?
No. APA never uses ibid. Instead, give each citation using author names as usual. To learn about how APA uses Latin abbreviations in the APA official blog.
How do you cite et al?
The abbreviation “et al.” (meaning “and others”) is used to shorten in-text citations with three or more authors. Here’s how it works: Only include the first author’s last name, followed by “et al.”, a comma and the year of publication, for example (Taylor et al., 2018).
How do you in-text cite three authors?
How many authors are needed to use et al?
Only when a work has six or more authors should the first in-text citation consist of the first author followed by et al. With five or fewer authors, all the author surnames should be spelled out at first mention.
How do you cite 5 authors?
NOTE: Although the first in-text citation for a work with three to five authors/editors includes all of the names of the authors/editors, subsequent citations include only the first author’s/editor’s surname, followed by ‘et al. ‘ and the year.
How do you cite the same source multiple times in APA?
The second and subsequent time you use a parenthetical citation, you will still give the full in-text citation (Author’s last name, year). Example: Using APA allows students to have consistency with other writings in their field of study (Grammer, 2013).
What is another name for in-text citations?
Quoted material is followed by a parenthetical, also known as an in-text citation. The parenthetical gives the page number(s) of the quoted material’s source. The parenthetical sometimes gives the author’s last name, depending on the type of signal phrase you have written.
How do you in-text cite 3 authors?
Three or more authors When mentioning the authors in the text, give all of the authors’ names or list the first author and write “and others”. For the parenthetical citation and Works Cited citation, give the first author’s name followed by et al.
Can I cite the same source multiple times?
If you are citing them in-text more than once, and you are referring to the same source each time, then you can simply reuse that same in-text reference with a single entry on your references page at the end. If you are citing the same author, but from different sources, you may have to take a different approach.
How do you cite two sources in one sentence APA?
Separate the citations with semicolons. Arrange two or more works by the same authors (in the same order) by year of publication. Place in-press citations last. Give the authors’ surnames once; for each subsequent work, give only the date.
Are APA in-text citations necessary?
You should provide an in-text citation whenever you quote, paraphrase or summarize research and ideas that are not your own. This may include theories, best practice guidelines, and of course, statistics. You should also cite whenever you present a fact that is not common knowledge.
Can you use et al for 2 authors?
The Latinate abbreviation “et al.” is short for “et alii,” which means, “and others,” and always refers to people, not objects. So if you had two authors, adding “et al.” would indicate that there were other authors – and since there are no other authors in this case, it is incorrect to use it.
What means et al?
“Et al.” is short for the Latin term “et alia,” meaning “and others.” It is used in academic citations when referring to a source with multiple authors: Hulme et al. (2019) argue that …
How do I cite an already cited source in APA?
Your in-text citation should include both authors: the author(s) of the original source and the author(s) of the secondary source. For example: (Habermehl, 1985, as cited in Kersten, 1987). In your reference list you should provide the details of the secondary source (the source you read).
What is in-text citation in APA format?
Using In-text Citation APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14). For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number.
What is the purpose of in-text citations?
The purpose of in-text citation is to direct the reader to the corresponding citation on the References list. For example, using the brief in-text citation below, the reader could find the full citation on on the References list.
What is the difference between in-text citations and references?
In-text citations often come at the end of a sentence and must have a matching reference at the end of the paper. A reference should provide complete information about a source and where it can be found.
How do you cite a book in APA with multiple authors?
For the in-text citation for a book with eight or more authors, include the first author and then ‘et al. ‘. Include the first six authors’ names, then insert three ellipsis points and add the last author name in the Reference List.
Can you use et al in APA?
Only use et al. The abbreviation “et al.” is used only for in-text citations in the 7th edition. This is a big change from the 6th edition where it was also used in the reference list. This means that references in APA 7 do NOT use the phrase “et al.”
How do you do in-text citations?
In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. Follow the same formatting that was used in the Works Cited list, such as quotation marks.
How many times can you reference one source?
There is no general limit on how often you can cite a particular source. If 100 details in your work are based on facts from the source, it should be cited 100 ti,mes, or in some other way this should be made clear.