Can we create foreign key without primary key?
If you really want to create a foreign key to a non-primary key, it MUST be a column that has a unique constraint on it. A FOREIGN KEY constraint does not have to be linked only to a PRIMARY KEY constraint in another table; it can also be defined to reference the columns of a UNIQUE constraint in another table.
Can you have 2 foreign keys in a table?
A table may have multiple foreign keys, and each foreign key can have a different parent table. Each foreign key is enforced independently by the database system. Therefore, cascading relationships between tables can be established using foreign keys.
Can you join multiple tables in SQL?
Using JOIN in SQL doesn’t mean you can only join two tables. You can join 3, 4, or even more! The possibilities are limitless.
Can two foreign keys make a primary key?
Can a table in SQL have multiple columns as foreign keys that refer only to one primary key of another table? The short answer is yes. There is another answer on here explaining the idea of using the same primary-foreign key relationship to store contact information.
Can primary key be a foreign key?
Yes, it is legal to have a primary key being a foreign key. This is a rare construct, but it applies for: a 1:1 relation. The two tables cannot be merged in one because of different permissions and privileges only apply at table level (as of 2017, such a database would be odd).
Can we Inner join three tables?
We’ve used INNER JOIN 2 times in order to join 3 tables. This will result in returning only rows having pairs in another table. When you’re using only INNER JOINs to join multiple tables, the order of these tables in joins is not important.
Can we use join without foreign key?
Without the foreign key you could have “orphaned” children that point at a parent that doesn’t exist. You need two columns of the same type, one on each table, to JOIN on. Whether they’re primary and foreign keys or not doesn’t matter. You don’t need a FK, you can join arbitrary columns.
How do you join tables without using join?
Using join keyword is the ANSI/Oracle syntax. You can use symbols instead of keywords for joins. yes,you can perform join without using the keyword join….. in similar way u can perform left,right and full outer join as well…………
What is the unique index?
Unique indexes are indexes that help maintain data integrity by ensuring that no two rows of data in a table have identical key values. When you create a unique index for an existing table with data, values in the columns or expressions that comprise the index key are checked for uniqueness.
How do you create a unique index?
Right-click the table on which you want to create a unique index and select Design. On the Table Designer menu, select Indexes/Keys. In the Indexes/Keys dialog box, click Add. Select the new index in the Selected Primary/Unique Key or Index text box.
Can we delete foreign key without deleting primary key?
If a table has a primary key but no dependents, or if a table has only foreign keys but no primary key, the DELETE statement operates the same way as it does for tables without referential constraints.
Can we join two tables without any relation?
The answer to this question is yes, you can join two unrelated tables in SQL and in fact, there are multiple ways to do this, particularly in the Microsoft SQL Server database. For example, if one table has 100 rows and another table has 200 rows then the result of the cross join will contain 100×200 or 20000 rows.
Can a table only have a foreign key?
1 Answer. There is no problem having a table that consists of foreign keys only. If you add further columns in the future there will be no problems due to the existing columns all being foreign keys. This situation is very common when there is a many-to-many relationship between entity types.
Can a table not have a primary key?
Every table can have (but does not have to have) a primary key. The column or columns defined as the primary key ensure uniqueness in the table; no two rows can have the same key.
Can a unique constraint be null?
A Unique Constraint can be created upon a column that can contain NULLs. However, at most, only a single row may ever contain a NULL in that column.
Which is faster primary key or index?
A primary key should be part of many vital queries in your application. Primary key is a constraint that uniquely identifies each row in a table. The ideal primary key type should be a number like INT or BIGINT because integer comparisons are faster, so traversing through the index will be very fast.
What is difference between index and primary key?
PRIMARY KEY indexes From an indexing perspective, defining a column or columns as a PRIMARY KEY is very similar to creating a UNIQUE index. The main difference is that PRIMARY KEYs cannot hold null values. However, like UNIQUE indexes, PRIMARY KEYs cannot hold duplicates.
How do you define an index?
An index is a list of data, such as group of files or database entries. It is typically saved in a plain text format that can be quickly scanned by a search algorithm. This significantly speeds up searching and sorting operations on data referenced by the index.
What is the purpose of cross join?
Introduction. The CROSS JOIN is used to generate a paired combination of each row of the first table with each row of the second table. This join type is also known as cartesian join.
Can foreign key be not unique?
BUT, as it is the Primary Key of another table, it must be unique in this table. No. But the values must exists first on the parent table before you can insert it on the table. No, foreign keys do not have to be unique.
Can foreign key be null?
Short answer: Yes, it can be NULL or duplicate. I want to explain why a foreign key might need to be null or might need to be unique or not unique. First remember a Foreign key simply requires that the value in that field must exist first in a different table (the parent table). Null by definition is not a value.
How many foreign keys can a table have in SQL?
What is the difference between unique index and primary key?
You can only have one primary key per table, but multiple unique keys. Similarly, a primary key column doesn’t accept null values, while unique key columns can contain one null value each. And finally, the primary key column has a unique clustered index while a unique key column has a unique non-clustered index.
What is an index used for?
Indexes are used to quickly locate data without having to search every row in a database table every time a database table is accessed. Indexes can be created using one or more columns of a database table, providing the basis for both rapid random lookups and efficient access of ordered records.