What is Indian stratigraphy?
India is a country with oldest geological bodies and features. The stratigraphy of India can be divided into several divisions such as Archean System, Dharwar System, Cudappah system, Vindhyan system, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Gondwana, Deccan Trap, Tertiary and Alluvial.
Who is the father of stratigraphy?
geologist William Smith
The man credited as the “father of stratigraphy,” however, was the English engineer and geologist William Smith (1769-1839). In 1815 Smith produced the first modern geologic map, showing rock strata in England and Wales.
What are the 5 principles to stratigraphy?
Which stratigraphic principle states that sedimentary rocks are deposited in layers perpendicular to the direction of gravity?
- Cross-cutting relations.
- Faunal succession.
- Original horizontality.
- Lateral continuity.
How do you study stratigraphy?
1. The mapping of unconformities as a first step in identifying unconformity-bounded sequences. 2. Clarifying the relationship between regional structural geology and the large-scale configuration of sequences.
What is the age of Muth Quartzite?
Muth quartzite- this formation of the Spiti area consists of about 100m thick succession of white and green quartzite. It is of Devonian age.
Who introduced stratigraphy in Indian archaeology?
8. Conserving archaeological resources. Stratigraphy: The concept of stratigraphy in geology had been based on the publication of the book Principles of Geology by Sir Charles Lyell in 1830.
What are the branches of stratigraphy?
Stratigraphy is a branch of geology to description of rock or interpretation geologic time scale.It provides of geologic history of strata.
What stratigraphy involves?
stratigraphy, scientific discipline concerned with the description of rock successions and their interpretation in terms of a general time scale. It provides a basis for historical geology, and its principles and methods have found application in such fields as petroleum geology and archaeology.
What is the purpose of stratigraphy?
Stratigraphy is they classification of different layers or layering of sedimentary deposits, and in sedimentary or layered volcanic rocks. This field is important to understanding the geological history and forms the basis for classification of rocks into distinct units that can be easily mapped.
What is stratigraphy PPT?
Stratigraphy • Stratigraphy is the chronological study of sedimentary rocks. Among the different group of rocks. Such a study paves the way for the arrangement of the sedimentary rock in the chronological sequence in which they were laid on the surface of earth. Chronological sequence of scattered Strata. 8.
Which is the oldest craton in India?
A tonalite sample from the TTG gneiss-supracrustal association from the central part of the Bastar craton in central India is dated at 3.56 Ga. This is the oldest protolith age so far recorded from India.
What are the important stratigraphical systems in India?
Here is a list of eight important Indian stratigraphical system. 1. The Jurassic System: Jurassic System overlies Triassic System rocks in the Standard Stratigraphic Scale and is well represented in Indian Stratigraphy both in extra-Peninsular and Peninsular India.
What are the divisions of stratigraphy of India?
The stratigraphy of India can be divided into several divisions such as Archean System, Dharwar System, Cudappah system, Vindhyan system, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, Gondwana, Deccan Trap, Tertiary and Alluvial. The Geology of India is an essential aspect to be studied, in Earth Science and geography.
How is the Jurassic system represented in Indian stratigraphy?
Jurassic System overlies Triassic System rocks in the Standard Stratigraphic Scale and is well represented in Indian Stratigraphy both in extra-Peninsular and Peninsular India. In the extra-Peninsula, the Jurassic rocks of marine facies conformably overlie in the Triassic rocks at many places such as in Spiti, Kashmir and Salt Range.
What is the best book on historical geology and stratigraphy?
Advanced embedding details, examples, and help ! In the context of paucity of literature on Historical Geology the book entitled “fundamentals of historical Geology and Stratigraphy of India” by Dr. Ravindra Kumar stands as one of utmost value for the students and teachers of Geology both at graduate and postgraduate level.