What is Balinese gamelan orchestra?
gamelan, also spelled gamelang or gamelin, the indigenous orchestra type of the islands of Java and Bali, in Indonesia, consisting largely of several varieties of gongs and various sets of tuned metal instruments that are struck with mallets. The voice is then part of the orchestral texture.
What are the 2 famous gamelan orchestra?
The most well-known gamelan ensembles are those from the islands of Java and Bali. The Bates College Gamelan Orchestra serves as an Indonesian music study group, performance ensemble, and provides ceremonial music for college events.
What are the gamelan instruments?
A gamelan is a set of instruments consisting mainly of gongs, metallophones and drums. Some gamelans include bamboo flutes (suling), bowed strings (rebab) and vocalists. Each gamelan has a different tuning and the instruments are kept together as a set.
How Balinese play their instruments?
Generally the metallophones are played using one hand to strike the keys with a mallet while the other hand damps each key after it is struck to prevent the reverberation from clouding the overall sound, though sometimes a special two-handed technique is used where each hand both plays and quickly damps the keys.
Is Balinese gamelan music played faster than Javanese gamelan music?
Balinese Gamelan music is very similar to Javanese Gamelan music. The music is in cycle too, however, it is usually faster. One of the characteristic of Balinese gamelan music is that, it has a lot of sudden changes in tempo and dynamics.
What are the Javanese instruments?
The Javanese gamelan is an orchestra of 60-plus musical instruments – bronze gongs and metallophones, drums, wooden flute and two-stringed fiddle – which together create a rich, distinctive sound.
Which one is the famous instrument of Myanmar ensemble?
The traditional folk ensemble, typically used in nat pwe (Burmese theatre, art and festivals) is called the hsaing waing (ဆိုင်းဝိုင်း). It is mainly made up of different gongs and drums, as well as other instruments, depending on the nature of performance.
What is the most important instrument in the gamelan?
GONG. The GONG is considered the most important instrument of the ensemble. It keeps the longest beat only being struck once at the beginning of each phrase to signal the start of a new section. It is believed that each Gamelan ensemble is accompanied by a spirit and that the spirit resides within the gong.
What are the names of the 2 scales used in gamelan?
Laras, Gamelan Scales Javanese gamelan music comes in two scales, or laras : sléndro and pélog. Neither of the scales are compatible with Western tuning because the intervals, or pitch steps between subsequent notes, are different.
What is gamelan degung?
GAMELAN DEGUNG. Gamelan degung is unique to Sunda. It developed during the 19th century in the courts of the Bupati (Regents), who were the local Indonesian rulers under the Dutch. Since Independence in 1945 degung has become increasingly widespread among the general populace.
What is gamelan deggung music?
Degung music is often played at public gatherings in West Java, such as at local elections, as well as many other events. There is international interest in degung as well among communities in other countries interested in Indonesia and gamelan music. The instrumentation of gamelan degung is quite flexible.
What instruments are used in gamelan degung?
The instrumentation of gamelan degung is quite flexible. It may include: Bonang /kolènang: two rows of seven small bulbous gongs. It differs from its Javanese counterpart in that the rows are each placed on either side of the player. Saron /peking: a high-pitched bronze metallophone with fourteen keys.
How do you play Klasik with a kendang?
In degung klasik, the kendang is placed on its stand with the edge of the small head resting on the floor, and the large head facing the player. The two kulanter are then placed upright on either side of the large kendang.