What is the Gran Chaco vegetation in South America?
The natural vegetation of the Dry Chaco consists mainly of xerophilous and subxerophilous forests, which transition into savannas and open grasslands, as well as gallery forests found along main rivers (Prado, 1993) .
Where is the Chaco region?
Chaco, provincia (province), northeastern Argentina. It is located between the northwestern Argentine highlands and the Paraná River and is bounded on part of the east by Paraguay. Resistencia, in the southeast on the Paraná, is the provincial capital.
Which trees are grown in Gran Chaco?
The three varieties of the quebracho —the quebracho blanco, the quebracho colorado chaqueño, and the quebracho colorado santiagueño— are the iconic tree species of the Gran Chaco.
Where is the Gran Chaco forest?
The Gran Chaco or Dry Chaco is a sparsely populated, hot and semiarid lowland natural region of the Río de la Plata basin, divided among eastern Bolivia, western Paraguay, northern Argentina, and a portion of the Brazilian states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, where it is connected with the Pantanal region.
Which grassland is there to the south and east of Gran Chaco?
This markedly seasonal region is typically characterized by a patchwork of savannah grasslands and semi-arid forest, with gallery forests along rivers and creeks. Rainfall is highest in the east and decreases markedly to the west.
What is the plateau region located in southern Argentina?
Patagonia, semiarid scrub plateau that covers nearly all of the southern portion of mainland Argentina. With an area of about 260,000 square miles (673,000 square kilometres), it constitutes a vast area of steppe and desert that extends south from latitude 37° to 51° S.
What type of wilderness area Gran Chaco is?
The Gran Chaco is a hot and semiarid lowland area with one of the highest deforestation rates on the planet. Every month, an area over 133 square miles is lost. Projections point to a loss of millions of additional acres of native vegetation by 2030.
Is the Gran Chaco a flood plain?
The Chaco, also known as Gran Chaco or Dry Chaco, is a sparsely populated, hot and semi-arid lowland alluvial plain (floodplain) of the Río de la Plata basin.
What vegetation covers most of Central America?
Central America’s natural vegetation is varied. Tropical rainforests occupy the eastern lowlands, while evergreen forests clothe the lower slopes along the Pacific coast, and pine and oak forests grow at somewhat higher elevations.
Is Amazon forest located in Africa?
The Amazon rainforest is located in South America. How big is the Amazon rainforest? The Amazon basin is roughly the size of the forty-eight contiguous United States. The forest itself covered roughly 634 million hectares in 2020, of which about 529 million hectares was classified as primary forest.
What is Argentina capital city?
The City of Buenos Aires is the capital of the Argentine Republic, located in the Southern Hemisphere of the American continent, at 34º 36′ S and 58º 26′ W. The city lies on a plain covering 202 square kilometers, with a population of approximately 3 million.
What are the hardwood trees found in Gran Chaco region known as?
Chaco vegetation is adapted to grow under arid conditions and is highly varied and exceedingly complex. The climax vegetation is called quebrachales, and consists of vast, low hardwood forests where various species of quebracho tree are dominant and economically important as sources of tannin and lumber.
What is the Gran Chaco region?
Natural region. The Gran Chaco or Dry Chaco is a sparsely populated, hot and semiarid lowland natural region of the Río de la Plata basin, divided among eastern Bolivia, western Paraguay, northern Argentina, and a portion of the Brazilian states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul, where it is connected with the Pantanal region.
How many animals live in the Gran Chaco?
Two-thirds of the Gran Chaco, or 130 million acres, are in Argentina. Its massive forests are home to unique vegetation and wildlife, including 3,400 plant and 500 bird species and hundreds of mammals, reptiles, and amphibians.
How fast is the Chaco losing its native vegetation?
From 2010 to 2012, for example, Argentina, Paraguay and Bolivia—the three countries that share most of the Chaco—lost native vegetation at an average rate of more than an acre per minute. By 2030, the Gran Chaco is projected to lose millions of additional acres of native vegetation.
What type of vegetation is found in the Chaco?
To the west, in the Semiarid/Arid Chaco, medium-sized forests consists of Aspidosperma quebracho-blanco and Schinopsis quebracho with a slightly shorter subcanopy made up of several species from the family Fabaceae, as well as several arboreal cacti species that distinguish this area of the Chaco. A scrub-like shrub and herbaceous layer occurs.