How does a condenser work?

How does a condenser work?

The function of the condenser in a refrigeration system is to transfer heat from the refrigerant to another medium, such as air and/or water. By rejecting heat, the gaseous refrigerant condenses to liquid inside the condenser. The major types of condensers used are (1) water-cooled, (2) air-cooled, and (3) evaporative.

What is condenser and its function?

condenser, device for reducing a gas or vapour to a liquid. Condensers are employed in power plants to condense exhaust steam from turbines and in refrigeration plants to condense refrigerant vapours, such as ammonia and fluorinated hydrocarbons.

How does a condenser in a power plant work?

The steam condenser is a device that converts the low-pressure exhaust steam from the turbine into water. In other words, Condenser condenses the steam which comes from the turbine into water at very low pressure. It does so with the help of cooling water circulated into it from the cooling tower.

What is condenser diagram?

Shell-and-tube condenser is a heat exchanger for cooling steam with high temperature and pressure, which is one of the main kinds of heat exchange equipment in thermal, nuclear, and marine power plant.

How does compressor and condenser work?

Refrigerant flows through the compressor, which raises the pressure of the refrigerant. Next the refrigerant flows through the condenser, where it condenses from vapor form to liquid form, giving off heat in the process. The vaporized refrigerant goes back to the compressor to restart the cycle.

Is condenser a capacitor?

Condenser is a term used for a capacitor in the past. Energy in capacitors is stored in the electric field, while in the case of condensers energy is stored in the electrostatic field (they work as heat capacitors). Condenser can represents a device that converts vaporous material (gas) into its fluid state.

Where is condenser used?

Condensers are used in air conditioning, industrial chemical processes such as distillation, steam power plants and other heat-exchange systems. Use of cooling water or surrounding air as the coolant is common in many condensers.

How does condenser work in distillation?

During distillation, vapors are formed in the heated distillation flask. The condenser cools these vapors condensing them back to liquid droplets that flow down the condenser into the receiver flask.

Why condenser is used in steam power station?

The main purpose in steam power plant is to generate maximum power at high efficiency. The most effective way for reaching this aim is to use a condenser. Condensers increase the enthalpy drops and turbine work by lowering the turbine outlet pressure. The lower the pressure, the higher the efficiency and power are.

What are the advantages of condenser?

Advantages of a condenser in a steam power plant It increases the efficiency of the power plant due to increased enthalpy drop. It reduces back pressure of the steam which results in more work output. It reduces temperature of the exhaust steam which also results in more work output.

What are the general designs of condenser?

The various types of condensing equipment are described including shell-and-tube for power and process applications, plate, spiral, plate-fin, air-cooled and direct-contact. Advice on the choice between the types is given.