## What is a fractal antenna?

Fractal antenna theory uses a modern (fractal) geometry that is a natural extension of Euclidian geometry. In this report, attention is called to this developing, but already quite large, field of study.

**Can fractal antennas increase bandwidth?**

One proposed method of increasing bandwidth (or shrinking antenna size) is via the use of fractal geometry, which gives rise to fractal antennas . Fractals are those fun shapes that if you zoom in or zoom out, the structure is always the same. They have wild properties, like having a finite area but infinite perimeter.

**What is a real world example of a fractal?**

Fractals also describe many real-world objects, such as clouds, mountains, turbulence, and coastlines that do not correspond to simple geometric shapes. The terms fractal and fractal dimension are due to Mandelbrot, who is the person most often associated with the mathematics of fractals [Mandelbrot, 1983].