What are the principles of outcomes based education?
OBE Principles and Process
- Clarity of focus. This means that everything teachers do must be clearly focused on what they want students to know, understand and be able to do.
- Designing down.
- High expectations.
- Expanded opportunities.
What are the basic principles of OBE according to Spady?
OBE Principles (Spady, 1994) An OBE curriculum means starting with a clear picture of what is important for students to be able to do, then organizing the curriculum, instruction and assessment to make sure this learning ultimately happens Designing down It means that the curriculum design must start with a clear …
What is the first principle of OBE?
The first principle is clarity of focus: this means that everything teachers do must be clearly focused on what they want learners to ultimately be able to do successfully.
What are the four learning outcomes?
Learning outcomes characteristics:
- Specific, measurable, achievable and relevant student-centered statements.
- Expectations for what students are able to do independently by the end of the course.
- References to changes in students’ knowledge, abilities and/or skills.
- Incorporate various levels of cognitive complexity.
What are the four 4 elements of learning as cited by different authors?
In other words, you can observe, imitate, or model something but you might not learn it. He explored the question of what needs to happen for an observable behavior to be learned (in addition to observation) and cited four necessary steps: attention, retention, reproduction, and motivation.
What are the 3 characteristics of Outcomes Based Education?
It is a combination of three types of competence: • practical: knowing how to do things, ability to make decisions • fundamental: understanding what you are doing and why • reflective: learn and adapt through self-reflection; apply knowledge appropriately and responsibly.
What are the 3 characteristics of OBE?
What are the 7 learning outcomes of CAS?
The 7 CAS Learning Outcomes enjoy and find significance in a range of CAS Experiences. purposefully reflect upon their experiences. identify goals, develop strategies and determine further actions for personal growth. explore new possibilities, embrace new challenges and adapt to new roles.
What are the 4 theories of learning?
4 Theories of learning are Classical Conditioning, Operant Conditioning, Cognitive Theory, and Social Learning Theory.
What are the 4 principles of social learning theory?
The four steps in the Social Learning Theory of Bandura are attention, retention, reproduction, and motivation.
What are the 3 pillars of competency?
A competency is made up of the following three elements: skill, knowledge and attribute.
What is the meaning of outcome-based education?
The meaning of outcome-based education lies in its core principles. For education to be effective, it must deliver the outcomes learners need in order to succeed. Before teaching can begin, these outcomes need to be carefully identified. What do students need to learn?
Is outcome-based education (OBE) being implemented in Malaysia?
At that time, the perception of the idea of implementing OBE received mixed views among educators. The idea of implementing the Outcome-based Education (OBE) was developed and has been in practiced since 1950s in Malaysia and it is now being implemented at all levels of education especially at higher institutions of learning .
What are the two types of outcomes from the educational system?
According to Killen. R, 2000, there are two types of outcomes from the educational system. The first type includes the student’s assessment such as quizzes, test results, completion rates and etc. The second type of outcome is usually measured in terms of students’ understanding, presentation skill and others as a result of their education .
What are the three broad types of learning outcomes?
The three broad types of learning outcomes are: Outcomes are about performance, and this implies: There must be a performer – the student, not the teacher There must be something performable (thus demonstrable or assessable) to perform The focus is on the performance, not the activity or task to be performed